UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection. The urinary tract is a term for the parts of the body that are involved in making and passing urine.

• Kidneys, two bean-shaped organs that clean the blood by removing waste products (urine)
• Ureters, the tubes through which urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder
• Bladder, the organ that holds urine until it is discharged
• Urethra, the tube through which urine flows from the bladder out of the body

What Causes UTIs?
UTIs occur when bacteria (or germs) enter the urinary tract and multiply, causing an infection. This infection can occur in any part of the urinary tract and may spread to other parts. In most cases, bacteria enters the urinary tract through the urethra and travel up to the bladder, where they multiply

About Febrile UTIs
Febrile UTIs usually occur when infected urine travels into the upper urinary tract and the kidneys, resulting in fever (febrile means relating to fever). Infection in the kidneys may lead to permanent scarring of kidney tissue. Excessive scarring can reduce kidney function.

How do I know if my child has a UTI/febrile UTI?
There are many symptoms of a UTI. Children will often exhibit very few of them.
However, the main symptoms to watch out for in children are:
• Persistent fever of unknown origin
• A burning sensation during urination
• Frequent or urgent urination
• Strong-smelling, cloudy or bloody urine
• Abdominal, back or side pain

If your child develops any of these symptoms, you should suspect a UTI and contact your doctor.
Symptoms of febrile UTIs are similar to those seen with other UTIs. However, a high-grade fever of unknown cause is the main sign of a febrile UTI.
Symptoms are more difficult to detect in babies since they can’t tell you what is wrong. However, babies with UTI are usually more irritable, have a change in appetite, and suffer from vomiting or diarrhea. If the infection has reached the kidneys, your child will feel very ill and will usually develop a fever.

Your doctor will do some tests to find out whether your child has bacteria in his/her urinary tract. If your child has a UTI, the infection will normally be treated with antibiotics to kill the bacteria. If your doctor suspects that your child has a febrile UTI, your child may be sent for more tests. This is especially important if the doctor thinks bacteria have reached the kidneys.

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